The Pediatric Surgical Division is primarily based at Riley Hospital for Children. The staff also cares for children with general surgery problems at a number of outreach sites throughout the state of Indiana. Extensive preoperative, operative and postoperative experience is available in the management of neonatal surgery, pediatric surgical oncology, ECMO, and pediatric trauma, as well as the more commonplace children's surgical problems and ambulatory surgery. Riley Pediatric Surgeons have an active practice in advanced laparoscopic and thoracoscopic surgery. The multidisciplinary Pediatric Trauma Program is the only ACS verified Level-I Children's Program in the state.
There is an ACGME-RRC accredited two-year postgraduate training program in Pediatric Surgery available at the Riley Children's Hospital approved for two postgraduate residents, one in each year.
Dr. Fred Rescorla is Surgeon-in-Chief at Riley Hospital and the Director of the Division of Pediatric Surgery. Other full-time faculty members in the division are Drs. Karen West, Thomas Rouse, Deborah Billmire, Alan Ladd, Matthew Landman, and Troy Markel. Dr. Rouse is Director of the Pediatric Trauma Program which is the only Pediatric Level I Trauma Center. Dr Rescorla and Dr Billmire are representatives to the Children's Oncology Group and are active investigators with the germ cell clinical trials. Dr. Billimre is the representative to the Pediatric National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP). Dr Ladd is Program Director of the pediatric surgery program. Dr. Landman recently joined the group after completing his pediatric surgical residency in Colorado. Dr. Landman devotes 20% of his time to clinical research and also has an interest in minimal access surgery. Former chairman and division director, Dr. Jay Grosfeld, though no longer clinically active remains a visible figure at Riley Hospital.
A comprehensive training program, conference schedule and clinic experience is available. General Surgery residents rotate on the service during the first, second and fourth clinical years. Five general surgery residents, two postgraduate pediatric surgery residents, four to five junior medical students and one or two elective senior students are usually assigned to this busy service. The PGY-4 general surgery resident alternates chief call with the postgraduate residents.
An active research program is available in the Pediatric Surgical Research laboratory Dr. Markel leads the pediatric surgery laboratory and his main focus is on the dvelopment and application of novel therapies for intestine ischemia and necrotizing enterocolitis. Current therapies of study include mesenchymal stem cells and hydrogen sulfide gas.